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经济学人:一周要闻 中美贸易会谈重启 阿根廷实施本钱管束 印度精简国有银行

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The world this week

本周要闻

Business

贸易

The Argentine government introduced emergency capital controls, restricting the amount of dollars that people and firms can buy. The measures are meant to stop money gushing out of the country amid a run on the peso, which has tumbled as investors fret that October’s presidential election will be won by a ticket that includes Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, a former president whose spendthrift policies ruined the economy.

阿根廷当局实施了紧急本钱管束,限制了小我和公司的美元购买量。这些办法旨在阻拦资金在比索升值带来的资金外流。由于投资者担心10月份的总统大年夜选将由包含前总统克里斯蒂娜·费尔南德斯·德基什内尔在内的候选人博得,比索回声大年夜幅下挫。克里斯蒂娜·费尔南德斯·德基什内尔的浪费政策摧毁了阿根廷经济。

India’s economy grew by 5% in the second quarter compared with the same three months last year, the country’s slowest growth rate in six years and well below market forecasts. Separate figures showed that domestic car sales slumped in August (by 49% for Tata Motors compared with August 2018) and that manufacturing activity was cooling rapidly. More government stimulus is now on the cards.

印度经济第二季度同比增长5%,为该国六年来最低增速,远低于市场预期。另外一项数据显示,8月份印度国际汽车销量大年夜幅下滑(与2018年8月比拟,塔塔汽车下滑49%),制造业活动正在敏捷降温。更多确当局安慰筹划如今正在酝酿当中。

ecow190917.jpg

The Indian government also announced plans to streamline the country’s state-controlled banks, which hold lots of bad debt, cramping their ability to lend, and proposed that ten state banks be merged into four new ones. Markets gave the idea a cool reception.

印度当局还宣布了精简国有银行的筹划,并提议将10家国有银行归并为4家新银行。国有银行持有大年夜量坏账,当局也限制了它们的放贷才能。市场方面对这一举措的反响冷淡。

Australia’s GDP grew by 1.4% in the second quarter, the slowest pace since the financial crisis. Exports are booming, but consumers in the Lucky Country are reining in their spending.

澳大年夜利亚第二季度GDP增长1.4%,为金融危机以来的最低增速。出口业正在蓬勃生长,不过这个荣幸的国度的花费者们正在控制支出。

Turkey’s annual inflation rate fell to 15% in August, the lowest it has been for 15 months. Inflation soared to 25% at the end of last year amid a currency crisis. Today’s more stable lira and decreasing price pressures have boosted expectations that the central bank will again slash interest rates when it meets on September 12th, though probably by not as much as the 4.25-percentage-point cut to rates in July.

土耳其8月份的年通胀率降至15%,为15个月来的最低程度。客岁事尾,由于泉币危机,通货收缩率飙升至25%。如今加倍稳定的里拉和赓续降低的物价压力进步了人们的预期,即央行将在9月12日休会时再次降息,虽然降息幅度能够不及7月份4.25%的幅度。

America and China agreed to resume high-level talks in early October to try to resolve their trade dispute. Negotiators last met in July and there is little hope that a breakthrough will come soon. There was evidence this week that the dispute is having an effect on manufacturing. Factory output in America surprisingly contracted in August for the first time in three years. In Britain manufacturing activity fell to a seven-year low. And in Germany a purchasing-managers’ index suggested that manufacturing had shrunk for an eighth consecutive month. Figures in China showed manufacturing contracting for the fourth month in a row.

中国和美国赞成在10月初恢复高层会谈,试图处理两国的贸易争端。会谈代表前次会见是在7月份,当时会谈取得冲破的欲望迷茫。本周有证据注解,这场争正派对制造业产生影响。令人惊奇的是,美国8月份的工厂产量出现了三年来的初次萎缩。英国制造业活动跌至7年来的最低点。德国推销经理人指数显示,制造业曾经持续第八个月萎缩。中方数据显示,制造业持续第四个月出现紧缩。

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

重点单词   检查全部解释    
fern [fə:n]

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n. 羊齿植物,蕨

 
dispute [di'spju:t]

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v. 争辩,争议,回嘴,质疑
n. 争辩,争持

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claim [kleim]

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n. 请求,请求权;主意,断言,宣称;请求物

 
inflation [in'fleiʃən]

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n. 收缩,通货收缩

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resolve [ri'zɔlv]

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n. 决定之事,决计,果断
vt. 决定,处理

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fell [fel]

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动词fall的之前式
n. 兽皮
v

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evidence ['evidəns]

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n. 根据,证据
v. 证明,证明

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turkey ['tə:ki]

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n. 土耳其
turkey
n. 火

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spendthrift ['spendθrift]

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n. 浪费的人 adj. 浪费的,浪费无度的

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row [rəu,rau]

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n. 排,船游,吵闹
vt. 荡舟,成排

 

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