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2016年考研英语(二)真题第1篇 Teaching Coding to Teens

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It's true that high-school coding classes aren't essential for learning computer science in college.

固然,高中的编程课关于大年夜学进修计算机迷信课程来讲其实不是必须的。
Students without experience can catch up after a few introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at Carnegie Mellon's School of Computer Science.
卡耐基梅隆大年夜学计算机迷信学院副院长汤姆·科尔蒂纳如许说道,由于即使是没有编程经历,先生也能在上过一些入门编程课程后赶下去。
However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial.
科尔蒂纳说,不过,较早地接触计算机迷信是无好处的。
When younger kids learn computer science, they learn that it's not just a confusing, endless string of letters and numbers — but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, or test hypotheses.
昔时轻的先生进修计算机迷信的时辰,他们就会知道计算机迷信其实不是令人困惑、无穷尽的字母和数字串——而是一种对象,这类对象能编写应用法式榜样、创造艺术作品或考验假定。
It's not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students.
比拟于大年夜一点的先生,这些先生在改变本身的思想过程方面的难度就小很多。
Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks and using code to solve them becomes normal.
把成绩分化为多个小的成绩,然后用代码处理这些小成绩,这类方法成了常态。
Giving more children this training could increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill the jobs gap, Cortina said.
赐与更多孩子如许的练习会让更多的人对计算机这一范畴感兴趣,同时还有助于弥补这一职业缺口。
Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they get to college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim, which can drive the less-experienced or-determined students away.
先生在上大年夜学之前,进修编程的一些知识也是无好处的,由于大年夜学里的计算迷信入门课一向爆满,这就可以够会使那些对计算机缺乏经历或许是还在迟疑的先生放弃这个专业。
The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as one of the many coding bootcamps that's become popular for adults looking for a career change.
熨斗学院是一所付费编程培训黉舍,它创建之前只是浩大的编程练习营之一,如今这所学院很受那些推敲改换职业的人的迎接。
The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but "we try to gear lessons toward things they're interested in," said Victoria Friedman, an instructor.
编程讲师维多利亚·弗里德曼说道,高中生学的编程课程也是该校的那种,“他们尽可能设置一些先生感兴趣的课程。”
For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggests movies based on your mood.
例如,先生们正在开辟一个根据用户心境推荐片子的应用。
The students in the Flatiron class probably won't drop out of high school and build the next Facebook.
熨斗编程培训班的先生能够不会高中停学,然后创建出下一个“脸书”公司。
Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the "Ruby on Rails" language they learned may not even be relevant by the time they enter the job market.
编程说话的更新很快,是以比及他们进入休息力市场时,他们所学的“Ruby on Rails”编程说话乃至与市场需求都不太相干。
But the skills they learn — how to think logically through a problem and organize the results — apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn, an education consultant for the state of North Carolina.
北卡罗来纳州教导参谋黛博拉·希霍恩说道,若何应用逻辑思想思虑成绩和理清成果,这些他们学到的技能实用于各类编程说话。
Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all.
实在其实,熨斗学院的先生能够根本就不会进入IT行业。
But creating a future army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes.
但培养一大年夜批法式榜样员其实不是这些编程班的唯一目标。
These kids are going to be surrounded by computers — in their pockets, in their offices, in their homes — for the rest of their lives.
在这些学诞辰后生活中,他们所处的情况中处处都有计算机——他们的口袋里、办公室里和家里。
The younger they learn how computers think, how to coax the machine into producing what they want — the earlier they learn that they have the power to do that — the better.
他们越早知道计算机的任务道理,越早让计算机为他们所用,越早控制这类技能,就越好。

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exposure [iks'pəuʒə]

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n. 面对(艰苦),显现,裸露,揭穿,暴光

 
confusing [kən'fju:ziŋ]

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adj. 令人困惑的,令人隐晦的 动词confuse的现

 
coax [kəuks]

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v. 哄,欺骗,灵活渐渐地做

 
gear [giə]

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n. 齿轮,传动装配,设备,对象
v. 使适应

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essential [i'senʃəl]

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n. 要素,要点
adj. 须要的,重要的,本

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organize ['ɔ:gənaiz]

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v. 组织

 
logically ['lɔdʒikli]

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adv. 符合逻辑地,逻辑上地

 
benefit ['benifit]

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n. 好处,补助,保险金,义卖,义演
vt.

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beneficial [.beni'fiʃəl]

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adj. 有益的,有益的

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curriculum [kə'rikjuləm]

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n. 课程,全部课程
curricula(双数

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