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2016年考研英语(二)真题第4篇 A New Road Map To Success

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Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure,

一项最新的平易近意查询拜访发明,面对经济和人口构造的巨大年夜变更,
younger Americans are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success, a latest poll has found.
年青的美国人正在寻觅21世纪的成功之道。
Across generational lines, Americans continue to prize many of the same traditional milestones of a successful life,
纵不雅历代美国人,他们依然推许很多不变的成功生活的传统里程碑,
including getting married, having children, owning a home, and retiring in their sixties.
包含娶亲、生子、安家落户和在60多岁的时辰退休。
But while young and old mostly agree on what constitutes the finish line of a fulfilling life,
虽然年青人和老年人平日关于甚么构成了充分人生的终点持相赞成见,
they offer strikingly different paths for reaching it.
但他们就完成充分人生的方法有着截然不合的看法。
Young people who are still getting started in life were more likely than older adults to prioritize personal fulfillment in their work,
该查询拜访发明,比起老年人,那些依然处在生活起跑线的年青人加倍推许他们在任务中的小我成就,
to believe they will advance their careers most by regularly changing jobs,
加倍认同经过过程定期换任务来推动职业生活,
to favor communities with more public services and a faster pace of life,
更爱好具有更多公共办事的社区和加倍快节拍的生活,
to agree that couples should be financially secure before getting married or having children,
更坚信夫妻在娶亲或许抚养孩子之前应当有经济上的保证,
and to maintain that children are best served by two parents working outside the home, the survey found.
更主意父母两边都在外任务才可给孩子供给最好的生活。
From career to community and family, these contrasts suggest that in the aftermath of the searing Great Recession,
从职业到社区到家庭,这些鲜明的比较注解,在严重的经济大年夜萧条的余波以后,
those just starting out in life are defining priorities and expectations that will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects of American life,
那些人生方才起步的人正在明白须要优先处理的重要事项和希冀,它们简直会逐步延长至美国生活的各个方面,
from consumer preferences to housing patterns to politics.
小到花费者爱好到住房形式,大年夜到政治。
Young and old converge on one key point:
年青人和老年人在关键的一点上看法雷同:
Overwhelming majorities of both groups said they believe it is harder for young people today to get started in life than it was for earlier generations.
两个阵营的绝大年夜多半人都认为,比起前几代人,明天年青人的人生起步加倍艰苦。
Whlie younger people are somewhat more optimistic than their elders about the prospects for those starting out today,
虽然比拟他们的晚辈,关于如今处于起步阶段的人的前景,在某种程度上年青人加倍乐不雅一些,
big majorities in both groups believe those "just getting started in life"
但两个阵营的多半人都认为,比拟之前的几代人,“人生方才起步”的人在取得诸如
face a tougher a good-paying job, starting a family, managing debt, and finding affordable housing.
具有薪酬丰富的任务、成家、管理债务和找到经济实用的住房等标忘性成就上会加倍艰苦。
Pete Schneider considers the climb tougher today.
皮特·施耐德认为,当今这段攀登之路加倍艰苦。
Schneider, a 27-yaear-old auto technician from the Chicago suburbs says he struggled to find a job after graduating from college.
施耐德是一名来自芝加哥郊区的27岁的汽车技师。他说本身从大年夜学卒业后就尽力找任务。
Even now that he is working steadily, he said."
即使如今他任务稳定,
I can't afford to pay ma monthly mortgage payments on my own, so I have to rent rooms out to people to mark that happen."
他说:“我本身包袱不起每个月的住房存款,所以我不能不把房子出租给他人,如许才能付出月供。”
Looking back, he is struck that his parents could provide a comfortable life for their children even though neither had completed college when he was young."
回想之前,他认为弗成思议:在他年青的时辰,他的父母居然有才能给他们的孩子供给一个温馨的生活,即使他们没有一个上过大年夜学。
I still grew up in an upper middle-class home with parents who didn't have college degrees,"Schneider said.
施耐德说:“我的父母没有大年夜学文凭,但我照旧能生长在一个中产阶层偏上的家庭,
"I don't think people are capable of that anymore."
我认为如今的人们再也没法做到了。”

重点单词   检查全部解释    
poll [pəul]

想想再看

n. 投票,平易近意测验,平易近意,票数
v. 做平易近意

 
spread [spred]

想想再看

v. 舒展,展开,传播,分布,铺开,涂撒
n.

 
affordable [ə'fɔ:dəbl]

想想再看

adj. 付出得起的,不太昂贵的

联想记忆
survey [sə:'vei]

想想再看

v. 查询拜访,检查,丈量,勘定,纵览,环顾
n.

 
prospects

想想再看

n. 预期;前景;潜伏顾客;前景展望

 
optimistic [.ɔpti'mistik]

想想再看

adj. 乐不雅的,乐不雅主义的

 
population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

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n. 人口 ,(全部)居平易近,人数

联想记忆
backdrop ['bækdrɔp]

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n. 背景幕,背景

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community [kə'mju:niti]

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n. 社区,社会,集团,合营体,公众,[生]群落

联想记忆
retiring [ri'taiəriŋ]

想想再看

adj. 腼腆的,隐居的,不喜社交的 动词retire的

联想记忆


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