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2017年考研英语(一)真题第3篇 To Convert Growth Into Well-being

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Robert F. Kennedy once said that a country's GDP measures "everything except that which makes life worthwhile."

罗伯特·肯尼迪曾说过,一个国度的国际临盆总值可以衡量“除让生活有价值外的一切任务”。
With Britain voting to leave the European Union, and GDP already predicted to slow as a result, it is now a timely moment to assess what he was referring to.
英国投票决定离开欧盟,估计会导致国际临盆总值下滑,如今正是评价他这句话的最好时辰。
The question of GDP and its usefulness has annoyed policymakers for over half a century.
国际临盆总值的成绩及其感化曾经困扰决定计划者半个多世纪了。
Many argue that it is a flawed concept.
很多人表示,这是一个缺点的概念。
It measures things that do not matter and misses things that do.
它衡量的是一些不重要的任务,却忽视了重要的方面。
By most recent measures, the UK's GDP has been the envy of the Western world, with record low unemployment and high growth figures.
比来数据显示,英国低掉业率和高增长数据全都冲破记载,其国际临盆总值令西方各国爱慕。
If everything was going so well, then why did over 17 million people vote for Brexit, despite the warnings about what it could do to their country's economic prospects?
假设真的是一切都停止地很顺利,那么为甚么会有1700多万人非要投票脱欧,完全掉落臂这一行动对国度经济前景的威逼呢?
A recent annual study of countries and their ability to convert growth into well-being sheds some light on that question.
比来关于国度及其将经济增长转化为平易近众幸福感的年度研究必定程度上注解了这个成绩的缘由。
Across the 163 countries measured, the UK is one of the poorest performers in ensuring that economic growth is translated into meaningful improvements for its citizens.
关于经济增长能否可以真正改夫君平易近生活方面,英国事被衡量的163个国度中表示最差的国度之一。
Rather than just focusing on GDP, over 40 different sets of criteria from health, education and civil society engagement have been measured to get a more rounded assessment of how countries are performing.
该研究其实不只仅是存眷国际临盆总值,为了更周全地衡量一个国度的表示,从安康,教导、平易近权社会参与等方面采取了40多种不合的标准停止衡量。
While all of these countries face their own challenges, there are a number of consistent themes.
虽然一切国度都面对本身的挑衅,但有些成绩一向存在。
Yes, there has been a budding economic recovery since the 2008 global crash, but in key indicators in areas such as health and education, major economies have continued to decline.
是的,08年全球金融危机迸发今后,经济在赓续恢复,但在安康,教导等重要目标范畴,重要经济体都在持续下滑。
Yet this isn't the case with all countries.
但其实不是一切国度都存在如许的成绩,
Some relatively poor European countries have seen huge improvements across measures including civil society, income equality and environment.
一些相对贫困的欧洲国度在平易近权社会、支出公平和情况方面有着巨大年夜的改良。
This is a lesson that rich countries can learn: When GDP is no longer regarded as the sole measure of a country's success, the world looks very different.
这是充裕国度可以汲取的经验:当国际临盆总值不再作为衡量国度能否成功的唯一标准,世界将变得很不一样。
So what Kennedy was referring to was that while GDP has been the most common method for measuring the economic activity of nations, as a measure, it is no longer enough.
所以,肯尼迪所指的是,虽然国际临盆总值曾经成为衡量国度经济活动最广泛的办法,然则仅仅是一种办法,还缺乏够。
It does not include important factors such as environmental quality or education outcomes — all things that contribute to a person's sense of well-being.
由于,它并没有涵盖一些重要的身分,如情况质量或许教导成果——要知道,这些身分平日才能给一小我带来幸福感。
The sharp hit to growth predicted around the world and in the UK could lead to a decline in the everyday services we depend on for our well-being and for growth.
全球和英国,都猜想经济增长会遭到严重年夜攻击,这一攻击能够招致我们保持幸福感和经济增长所依附的平常办事程度降低。
But policymakers who refocus efforts on improving well-being rather than simply worrying about GDP figures could avoid the forecasted doom and may even see progress.
然则假设决定计划者重新存眷晋升幸福感而不是仅仅担心国际临盆总值的数据,便可以或许防止可以预感的经济低迷,完成真实的进步。

重点单词   检查全部解释    
recovery [ri'kʌvəri]

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n. 恢复,答复复兴,康复

 
assess [ə'ses]

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v. 估定,评定

 
flawed [flɔ:d]

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adj. 有缺点的;有瑕疵的;有裂纹的

 
timely ['taimli]

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adj. 及时的,合时的
adv. 及时的

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measured ['meʒəd]

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adj. 量过的,慎重的,基于标准的,有韵律的 动词me

 
quality ['kwɔliti]

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n. 品德,特质,才能
adj. 高品德的

 
assessment [ə'sesmənt]

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n. 估价,评价

 
engagement [in'geidʒmənt]

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n. 婚约,订婚,约会,商定,交兵,雇用,(机械零件等)

 
convert ['kɔnvə:t,kən'və:t]

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v. 变换,(使)改变,使 ... 改变信奉,颠倒,兑换

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except [ik'sept]

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vt. 除,除外
prep. & conj.

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