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新西方GRE核心词汇考法精析 List31:Unit3

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milieu .
【考法 1】 n. 情况,氛围: the physical or social setting in which something occurs or develops
【例】 Young, innovative artists thrive in the freewheeling milieu that a big city offers. 在那个大年夜都会所供给的自在氛围中,年青而富有创造力的艺术家们的事业蓬勃生长。‖ahistorical milieu conducive to democracy 有助于平易近主制度的汗青背景
【近】 ambient, atmosphere, climate, context, environment, environs, medium, setting, surroundings, terrain
【考法 1】 adj. 军事的,军用的: of or relating to soldiers, arms, or war
【例】 NATO struggles with how to proceed military operation against Libya. 北约就若何延续针对利比亚的军事行动出现了外部不合。‖an encyclopedia of modern military aircraft 现代军用飞翔器百科全书
【近】 martial, service
【反】 civilian 平易近用的
nostalgia .
【考法 1】 n. 思乡之情: the state of being homesick
【例】 Overwhelmed by nostalgia, she started to cry. 被思乡之情吞没的她开端抽泣。
【近】 homesickness
【考法 2】 n. 复古,怀念: a wistful or excessively sentimental yearning for return to or of some past period or irrecoverable condition
【例】 He felt a wave of nostalgia for the life he had left behind him. 他开端怀念往昔的年光。
【近】 reminiscence
【反】 oblivion 遗忘
【派】 nostalgic adj. 复古的
【考法 1】 adj. 掉去感到的: devoid of sensation especially as a result of cold or anesthesia
【例】 I have been sitting in the same position for too long and now my feet are numb. 我一个姿势坐得太久,以致于双腿都发麻了。
【近】 asleep, benumbed, dead, insensitive, numbed, torpid, unfeeling
【反】 feeling, sensible, sensitive 有感到的
【考法 2】 adj. 麻痹的,无情感的: devoid of emotion
【例】 Apparently in shock, he answered the police officer's questions with a numb expression on his face. 她明显是遭到了惊吓,以致于在答复警官的成绩时一脸茫然。‖Years of physical and emotional abuse had rendered the woman numb and withdrawn. 终年累月的肉体和精力上的熬煎已让她麻痹而寡言。
【近】 affectless, apathetic, catatonic, deadpan, emotionless, impassible, passionless, phlegmatic, stoic, stolid
【反】 demonstrative, emotional, fervent, fervid, impassioned, passionate, vehement 充斥情感的
【考法 1】 n. 严格的考验: a severe trial or experience
【例】 The hikers were finally rescued after a three-day ordeal in the wilderness. 在野外度过了三天的严格考验以后,登山者终究获救了。
【近】 calvary, crucible, fire, gauntlet
【反】 delight, enjoyment, pleasure 令人高兴的事物
【考法 1】 adj. 外面上的,佯装的: appearing to be true on the basis of evidence that may or may not be confirmed
【例】 It must be the ostensible reason for their visit while their actual motives may be malignant 这肯定只是他们上门拜访的外面缘由,他们眼前的动机说不定卑劣至极。
【近】 apparent, assumed, evident, ostensive, presumed, putative, reputed, seeming, supposed, prima facie
【反】 actual, real 真实的
【派】 ostensibly adv. 外面上地
outgrowth .
【考法 1】 n. 成果,后果: a condition or occurrence traceable to a cause
【例】 Crime is often an outgrowth of poverty. 犯法常常可以归因于贫困。‖A predictable outgrowth of the suburb's ever growing population will be the need for more schools. 郊区人口爬升所招致的一个可以预感的后果就是须要更多的黉舍。
【近】 aftereffect, aftermath, consequence, fate, fruit, outcome, precipitate, product, result, sequel, sequence
【反】 antecedent, cause, occasion, reason 缘由;origin, root, source 泉源
outmoded .
【考法 1】 adj. 过时的,放弃的: no longer acceptable, current, or usable
【例】 outmoded computers that can be recycled 可供收受接收的废旧电脑
【近】 antiquated, archaic, demoded, fossilized, moribund, moth-eaten, obsolete, outworn, prehistoric , rusty
【反】 contemporary, current, modern 现代的,现代的
override .
【考法 1】 vt. 掉落臂: to set aside
【例】 The Congress overrode the President's veto and passed the law. 国会掉落臂总统的否决,强行经过过程了那项法则。‖He overrode all opposition to his plans. 他对一切的否决看法漠不关心。
【近】 disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook, overpass, pass over
【反】 comply, observe 遵守
overwhelm .
【考法 1】 vt. 吞没: to cover with or as if with a flood
【例】 That spring the massive runoff from melting snows overwhelmed the valley. 那个春季,全部村落被融雪构成的大水吞没了。
【近】 deluge, drown, engulf, inundate, overflow, submerge, submerse, swamp
【反】 drain 抽干
【考法 2】 vt. (情感上、精力上)使无所适从,使难以遭受: to subject to incapacitating emotional or mental
【例】 Just the thought of how much work there is to do overwhelms me. 仅仅是想想还有若干任务没完成就简直让我喘不过气了。
【近】 devastate, oppress, overcome, overmaster, overpower, prostrate, whelm
【反】 relieve 使舒缓
【派】 overwhelming adj. 势弗成挡的,没法顺从的

重点单词   检查全部解释    
trial ['traiəl]


adj. 测验测验性的; 审判的
n. 测验测验,尽力

source [sɔ:s]


n. 起源地,来源,原始材料

fervid ['fə:vid]


adj. 热的;热情的

fervent ['fə:vənt]


adj. 热的,酷热的,热情的

acceptable [ək'septəbl]


adj. 合意的,受迎接的,可接收的

assumed [ə'sju:md]


adj. 假装的;假定的

oppress [ə'pres]


v. 使(心境等)沉重,使懊末路,榨取,压抑或人

outcome ['autkʌm]


n. 成果,后果

outgrowth ['aut.grəuθ]


n. 天然成果,副产品,长出,长出物

overlook [.əuvə'luk]


vt. 俯瞰,远眺,没留意到,忽视
n. 赶过