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每天吃炸薯条导致少年掉明

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A Teenage Boy Went Blind After Eating French Fries Everyday

每天吃炸薯条导致少年掉明

A teenage boy's diet reportedly caused him to go blind, and his story is bringing light to an uncommon and potentially-dangerous eating disorder.

据报导,一名青少年因饮食不良而掉明,他的故事揭穿了一种罕有的具有潜伏风险的饮食混乱疾病。

According to a case study in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, the teenager went to the doctor when he experienced trouble hearing and seeing. Doctors discovered that he was vitamin B12 deficient, which led them to do more tests, and eventually diagnose him with an eating disorder called avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID).

根据《外科医学年鉴》(Annals of Internal Medicine)上的案例研究所述,这位青少年由于听力和目力降低而去看了大夫。大夫发明他缺乏维生素B12,从而对他停止了其它身材检查,终究诊断出他得了一种叫做可防止的限制性食品摄取妨碍(ARFID)饮食混乱症。

The case report says ARFID is a relatively new disorder, which used to be called "selective eating disorder." The patient was diagnosed with ARFID after years of eating only certain unhealthy foods like potato chips and French fries.

该案例申报表示,ARFID是一种相对较新的疾病,之前被称作“选择性进食妨碍。”这位青少年患者终年只吃不安康的食品,如薯片和炸薯条。

Unlike other eating disorders, "[ARFID] is not driven by weight or shape concerns," the case report says. In fact, people with the disorder often have a normal BMI, as was the case with the patient who lost his eyesight because of his diet.

与其它饮食混乱疾病不合,“ARFID不受体重或体型困扰,”案例申报表示。现实上,患者的身材质量指数平日都是正常的,正如这位由于饮食不良而掉明的青少年一样。

每天吃炸薯条导致少年掉明.jpg

"Height and weight were average, and body mass index was normal. However, the patient confessed that, since elementary school, he would not eat certain textures of food," the case report says. "He had a daily portion of fries from the local fish and chip shop and snacked on Pringles (Kellogg), white bread, processed ham slices, and sausage."

“他的身高、体重都处于均匀程度,身材质量指数也正常。然则,该患者承认,自小学开端,他就选择性地不吃某些食品了,”该案例申报表示。“每天,他都邑从本地的炸鱼和薯条店购买一份薯条,常常吃品客薯片、白面包、加工过的火腿片和喷鼻肠。”

According to the case report, people with ARFID "lack interest" in food. Their sensitivity to certain food textures is heightened, and they are afraid of what will happen if they eat certain foods. According to the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA), the disorder can cause weight loss, lack of appetite, and gastrointestinal problems, among other issues. The association adds that people with the disorder can be scared of vomiting and choking.

这份案例申报称,ARFID患者对食品“缺乏兴趣”。他们对某些食品质地非常敏感,害怕摄取这些食品。美国国度饮食掉调协会(NEDA)表示,该疾病会招致体重减轻、食欲不振、胃肠道成绩等等。该协会弥补表示,该疾病患者能够对呕吐和梗塞认为恐怖。

The disorder caused the patient to have a confirmed vitamin B12 deficiency, and the report says the patient likely also suffered from deficiencies in the following nutrients: B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and copper.

该疾病招致患者被确诊为维生素B12缺乏,且申报表示该患者还能够缺乏以下几种养分素:维生素B1、维生素B2、维生素B3、维生素B6、维生素B9和铜元素。

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重点单词   检查全部解释    
diagnose ['daiəgnəuz]

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v. 断定,诊断(疾病)

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eventually [i'ventjuəli]

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adv. 终究,最后

 
internal [in'tə:nəl]

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adj. 国际的,内涵的,身材外部的

 
certain ['sə:tn]

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adj. 肯定的,必定的,特定的
pron.

 
deficiency [di'fiʃənsi]

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n. 缺乏,缺乏,缺点

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selective [si'lektiv]

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adj. 选择的,选择性的

 
sensitivity [.sensi'tiviti]

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n. 敏感,多愁善感,感触感染性

 
disorder [dis'ɔ:də]

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n. 混乱,纷乱
vt. 捣乱

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annals ['ænəlz]

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n. 编年表,年鉴,年报 名词annal的名词情势

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association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

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n. 结合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想

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