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Critical Reading>Select an Answer

I have already observed that, from their origin, the sovereignty of the people was the fundamental principle of the greater number of British colonies in America...

At the present day the principle of the sovereignty of the people has acquired, in the United States, all the practical development which the imagination can conceive. It is unencumbered by those fictions which have been thrown over it in other countries, and it appears in every possible form according to the exigency of the occasion. Sometimes the laws are made by the people in a body, as at Athens; and sometimes its representatives, chosen by universal suffrage, transact business in its name, and almost under its immediate control.

In some countries a power exists which, though it is in a degree foreign to the social body, directs it, and forces it to pursue a certain track. In others the ruling force is divided, being partly within and partly without the ranks of the people. But nothing of the kind is to be seen in the United States; there society governs itself for itself. All power centres in its bosom; and scarcely an individual is to be meet with who would venture to conceive, or, still less, to express, the idea of seeking it elsewhere. The nation participates in the making of its law by the choice of its legistlators, and in the execution of them by the choice of the agents of the executive government; it may almost be said to govern itself, so feeble and so restricted is the share left to the administration, so little do the authorities forget their popular origin and the power from which they emanate.

Which fact, if true, would most clearly undermine Tocqueville's primary argument about the sovereignty of the people of the United States?

A.The majority of people in the United States in 1835 were not permitted to vote.
B.Tocqueville was a French citizen who spent fewer than nine months in the United States.
C.The United States in 1835 included some states that had never been British colonies.
D.Only United States citizens meeting certain eligibility requirements have been allowed to serve in the government.

重点单词   检查全部解释    
emanate ['eməneit]

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v. 散发,收回

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fundamental [.fʌndə'mentl]

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adj. 根本的,根本的,重要的
n. 基来源基本

 
primary ['praiməri]

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adj. 重要的,早期的,根本的,初等教导的

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suffrage ['sʌfridʒ]

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n. 投票,选举权,参政权

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implementation [.implimen'teiʃən]

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n. 落实,实施,装置启用

 
participate [pɑ:'tisipeit]

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vt. 分享
vi. 参加,参与

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unencumbered

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adj. 没有妨碍的;没有包袱的;不受妨碍的

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executive [ig'zekjutiv]

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adj. 行政的,决定计划的,运营的,[计算机]履行指令

 
control [kən'trəul]

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n. 克制,控制,管束,操作装配
vt. 控制

 
undermine [.ʌndə'main]

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vt. 阴霾伤害,逐步减弱,在(某物)下挖洞或挖通道,从

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