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2018年英语专业八级真题听力 Mini-lecture(1)

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Language and Humanity

说话和人类
Good morning, everyone.
大年夜家早上好。
In today's lecture, we're going to discuss the relationship between language and humanity. As we all know, language is very powerful.
在明天的课上,我们将评论辩论说话和人类之间的关系。尽人皆知,说话是异常强大年夜的。
It allows you to put a thought from your mind directly in someone else's mind.
它可让你把你的想法主意直接放在他人的大年夜脑里。
Languages are like genes talking, getting things they want.
说话就像会措辞的基因,取得他们想要的器械。
And you just imagine the sense of wonder in a baby when it first discovers that, merely by uttering a sound, it can get objects to move across a room as if by magic, and maybe even into its mouth.
你可以想象,当一个婴儿第一次发明,仅仅经过过程收回一个声响,它就可让物体像中了魔法一样在房间里移动,乃至能够进入它的嘴里。
Now we need to explain how and why this remarkable trait, you know, human's ability to do things with language, has evolved, and why did this trait evolve only in our species?
如今我们须要解释这个明显的特点,也就是人类用说话干事的才能,是若何退化的,为甚么退化,为甚么这个特点只在我们人类身长退化?
In order to get an answer to the question, we have to go to tool use in the chimpanzees.
为了取得这个成绩的答案,我们必须研究黑猩猩的对象应用。
Chimpanzees can use tools, and we take that phenomenon as a sign of their intelligence.
黑猩猩可以应用对象,我们把这类景象作为它们智力的标记。
But if they really were intelligent, why would they crack open nuts with a rock?
但假设他们真的聪慧,他们为甚么要用石头砸开坚果呢?
Why wouldn't they just go to a shop and buy a bag of nuts that somebody else had already cracked open for them?
他们为甚么不去市廛买一袋他人曾经翻开的坚果呢?
Why not? I mean, that's what we do.
为甚么不呢?我是说,我们就是这么做的。

重点单词   检查全部解释    
remarkable [ri'mɑ:kəbl]

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adj. 明显的,异常的,非凡的,值得留意的

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crack [kræk]

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v. 崩溃,掉去控制,压碎,使裂开,破解,开打趣

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humanity [hju:'mæniti]

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n. 人类,人性,人性,慈爱,(复)人文学科

 
intelligent [in'telidʒənt]

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adj. 聪慧的,智能的

 
phenomenon [fi'nɔminən]

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n. 景象,迹象,(罕见)事宜

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trait [treit]

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n. 特点,特点,特点,一笔,大批

 
intelligence [in'telidʒəns]

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n. 懂得力,智力
n. 谍报,谍报任务,谍报

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merely ['miəli]

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adv. 仅仅,只不过

 
evolve [i'vɔlv]

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v. 停顿,退化,展开

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species ['spi:ʃiz]

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n. (单复同)物种,种类

 


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