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2019年英语专业八级真题听力 Mini-lecture(1)

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Body Language and Mind

肢体说话和认识
Good morning, everyone.
大年夜家早上好。
In today's lecture, I'd like to focus on how our body language reveals who we are.
在明天的课上,我重要来讲讲我们的肢体说话若何提醒出我们是甚么样的人。
We're really fascinated with body language, and particularly interested in other people's body language.
我们对肢体说话非常感兴趣,特别是其他人的肢体说话。
You know, we're sometimes interested in an awkward interaction, or a smile, or a contemptuous glance, or maybe a very awkward wink, or handshake.
你们知道的,我们有时会对一次难堪的交换、浅笑、歧视一瞥感兴趣,也有能够对难堪的眨眼或握手感兴趣。
So what kind of body language am I talking about?
那么,你们知道我说的是哪一种肢体说话吗?
I am interested in power dynamics -- that is the nonverbal expressions of power and dominance.
我对动力学感兴趣——这是权力和安排地位的非说话表达。
And what are nonverbal expressions of power and dominance?
那么,权力和安排地位的非说话表达是甚么呢?
Well, this is what they are.
下面,我来阐述它们的含义。
In the animal kingdom, nonverbal expressions of power and dominance are about expanding.
在植物王国,权力和安排地位的非说话表达是关于扩大的。
So you make yourself big, you stretch out, you take up space and you're basically opening up.
你让本身变大年夜,你舒展四肢,你占据了空间,根本上你就翻开了。
And... and humans do the same thing.
而人类也在做异样的任务。
So they do this when they're feeling powerful in the moment.
是以,当他们感到强有力时,就会做这个举措。
And this one is especially interesting because it really shows us how universal and old these expressions of power are.
这个举措尤其风趣,由于它实在其实向我们展示出,这些关于力量的表达是多么广泛而陈旧。
For example, when athletes cross the finish line and they've won, it doesn't matter if they've never seen anyone do it. They do this.
例如,当活动员跨过终点线,博得比赛时,他们能否看过其他人做这个举措其实不重要,而他们会做这个举措。
So the arms are up in the V sign, the chin is slightly lifted.
他们举起双臂比成V的手势,下巴悄悄抬起。
But what do we do when we feel powerless?
但我们有力时会最甚么呢?
We do exactly the opposite. We close up. We make ourselves small.
我们会做正好相反的举措。我们合上了。我们让本身变小。
We don't want to bump into the person next to us.
我们不想碰着旁边的人。
And this is what happens when you put together high and low power.
这就是你力量强大年夜和微弱时会产生的任务。
So what we tend to do when it comes to power is that we complement the other's nonverbals.
那么,我们在强大年夜时偏向于弥补其他人的非说话行动。
What I mean is if someone is being really powerful with us, we tend to make ourselves smaller.
我的意思是,假设或人和我们在一路时非常强大年夜而有力,我们偏向于让本身变小。
We don't mirror them. We do the opposite.
我们不模仿他们。我们做的举措恰好相反。
I'm watching this behavior in the classroom, and guess what I have noticed.
我在教室里不雅察这个举措,猜猜我留意到了甚么。
I notice that MBA students really exhibit the full range of power nonverbals.
我留意到工商管理硕士先生们真的会全方位展示出力量肢体说话。
They get right into the middle of the room before class even starts, like they really want to occupy space.
他们乃至在上课前就径直走到教室中心,仿佛真的想占据空间一样。
When they sit down, they're sort of spread out. They raise their hands high.
当他们坐下时,他们舒展开来。他们高举双手。
You have other people who are virtually collapsing when they come in.
你可以看到其他人出去时真的会崩溃。
As soon as they, I mean other people, come in, you see it.
他们,我是指其他人,出去时,你就会看到。
You see it on their faces and their bodies, and they sit with their chairs and they make themselves tiny,
你会看到他们的脸上和身材都邑出现崩溃的迹象,他们坐在椅子上,让本身变小,
and they will not fully stretch their arms when they raise their hands.
他们举手时也不会完全舒展开双臂。

重点单词   检查全部解释    
awkward ['ɔ:kwəd]

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adj. 愚蠢的,难堪的,(设计)别扭的

 
glance [glɑ:ns]

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v. 一瞥,审视,促一看,反光,闪烁,擦过

 
tend [tend]

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v. 趋势,易于,照顾,护理

 
nonverbal [.nɔn'və:bl]

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adj. 非言辞语的,不消说话的

 
universal [.ju:ni'və:səl]

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adj. 广泛的,通用的,宇宙的,全部的,全球的

 
slightly ['slaitli]

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adv. 些微地,细长地

 
wink [wiŋk]

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n. 眨眼,使眼色,刹时
v. 眨眼,使眼色,

 
interaction [.intə'rækʃən]

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n. 相互感化,相互影响,互动交换

联想记忆
occupy ['ɔkjupai]

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vt. 占据,占用,占据,使劳碌,使从事

联想记忆
range [reindʒ]

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n. 范围,行列,射程,山脉,一系列
v. 排

 


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